Unit 1 - Digital Graphics
This unit is designed to provide you with an understanding of the types and uses of digital graphics. You will explore the equipment and settings required to take photographs and source digital images. You will develop skills in using digital image manipulation software to edit digital images to a particular specification and will be able to save these in different formats for different purposes.
By the end of this unit you will be able to:
• Explore digital images
• Plan a digital image to a brief
• Create and edit digital images
• Review the completed digital graphic against the brief
The local Council would like to train some of its staff in photography so that they can take images around the local area for use on promotional websites and in brochures. They are seeking to promote the local area to tourists to encourage more people to visit in order to boost the local economy.
As an iMedia student, they have approached you to create a training manual. The manual should consist of 2 parts.
1. A guide illustrating how to take photographs with a digital camera, including information on how to save the images.
2. Instructions on how to edit images using basic software techniques and provide an effective example of a montage image promoting the local area.
In the first part you should use images taken by you with a small amount of additional text to show the following points:
- What a digital camera is and the name location and purpose of its various parts
- A guide to taking good creative images (remember the rules of composition)
- How to transfer the images to a computer
- Information about different file types
In the second part you should produce a final digital image that is 800x600 pixels at 720dpi. The image will be a montage of at least 5 images. The image is to be used on a website so the file format needs to be appropriate. You should have one main image that captures one of the main attractions in the local area. Other attractions should also be shown. When you produce the image you need to use and explain a range of digital editing techniques showing your original and edited images along with screen shots showing how you achieved these results. You should include some text the image. You should keep clearly named versions of all the images that you create.
Task 1 Assessment objective 2a
1. Identify the clients requirements and write a plan that will show how you will reach those needs. What documents will you create and what will each section of the document be about?
2. Create a plan of all of the images you are going to take, you could use a storyboard to do this.
3. Produce a time line to show the major things you need to do as part of this project. You should give an indication of when you will do each activity and how much time you will allocate to it. You might consider doing a Gantt Chart.
4. As you go along you need to keep a record of source details, permissions (you need to seek permission from people if you are going to use a clear image of them in a photograph- you will need to ensure they complete a signed model release form. You can download a template from Microsoft).
Task 2 Assessment objective 1a 3a 3b
All of the activities for task 2 will form your digital photography handbook for staff at the local council. Make sure it is presented in an appropriate way.
1. Find examples of different types of digital graphics (e.g. bit map/raster, vector). Discuss each one, including when, where and how they are used. Also discuss different formats e.g. jpeg, tif, png etc. You should discuss when it is appropriate to use each.
2. Discuss the different types of digital camera that available e.g. compact digital, DSLR, mobile phone, digital video stills and webcam).
3. Take photographs of a digital camera to illustrate what the controls do. Transfer them to your computer and describe how you did this. Insert the images into a word document and annotate them. Write a short piece of text explaining how to use a digital camera.
4. Take images that illustrate good examples of the basic rules of photography and composition (e.g. rule of thirds, leading lines, frames and perspective) and incorporate a range of features and settings in your digital camera (e.g. zoom, lense mode, image quality etc). You should take at least 6 photographs (as you are taking the pictures record the camera settings you used). Annotate these to explain the techniques you have used. You should also describe and explain the features and settings used on the digital camera when you took the photograph.
5. Take a screenshot showing the images on your digital camera, then screenshot transfering these to your computer. Finally, save these images into appropriate folders with suitable folder and file names (include screenshot evidence of this).
6. Make use of the rating, sorting and tagging options within your operating system. Add appropriate information to each image.
Task 3 Assessment objective 3c 3d
1. Create your photo montage. Using an image manipulation application, open your images and edit them to: change the size, crop them, adjust the brightness and contrast, levels and colour adjustment to ensure an accurate image. You should also demonstrate evidence of using editing tools and techniques (e.g. cloning and retouching, colour toning, filters and effects, red eye removal). Include evidence of using selection tools (e.g. the selection menu) and layers. Remember to add text to your final image.
2. Use screenshots and text to explain briefly how and why you have created these images. Remember to discuss the composition rules and techniques you used in Photoshop (including screenshots).
3. Save your image in a suitable format appropriate for putting on a web page. Take screenshot evidence of you doing this and explain your choice of settings.
Task 4 Assessment objective 4a
Review your work against the the original brief. This should include providing client feedback. Discuss the quality of your finished product, how it is fit for purpose, identify the constraints that influenced your decisions e.g. file formats, permission and subject matter/location, copyright, IPR, trademark etc. You should also include written evidence of such as model release forms etc.
Saving digital images
Most tutorials listed below focus on Photoshop CS5.
Introduction to Photoshop
Working with layers - working with layers /
Adjusting colour and tone in images
Retouching and repairing graphics
Inserting and formatting text
Other useful techniques
Content aware tutorials:
Saving images in appropriate formats